US Korea Institute

Tuesday February 9th 2016
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Posts Tagged ‘sanctions’

Reality Check on North Korean Sanctions

Reality Check on North Korean Sanctions

A recent op-ed by Sung-Yoon Lee and Joshua Stanton highlights what should happen in dealing with North Korea. Unfortunately, for this long-time practitioner in the field of nonproliferation sanctions, it also highlights what cannot happen—or at least what cannot happen at an acceptable level of risk with the limited knowledge and the complex [...]

Sanctions’ Role in Dealing with the North Korean Problem

Sanctions’ Role in Dealing with the North Korean Problem

For almost a decade, sanctions have been the principal coercive instrument available to the United States and the international community in trying to deal with North Korea’s nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missile programs. As bilateral and multilateral negotiating tracks with the DPRK have withered, sanctions that were initially [...]

North Korea’s Foreign Trade

North Korea’s Foreign Trade

Foreign trade is, like elsewhere and for obvious reasons, one of the key indicators of North Korea’s economy. However, since the state is notoriously reluctant to provide related figures, we have to rely on external sources to obtain this data. The South Korean Trade-Investment Promotion Agency (KOTRA) is one institution that has for many years [...]

What is Left to Sanction? Options for Responding to the Next North Korean Provocation

What is Left to Sanction? Options for Responding to the Next North Korean Provocation

By design, the UN Security Council is a reactive architect of sanctions regimes; its measures addressing North Korean nuclear and missile programs demonstrates this clearly. The 15-country body created an initial round of sanctions in 2006 in response to the North’s first nuclear test, expanded on the measures after its second test in 2009, and [...]

Kim Jong Un Tours Pesticide Facility Capable of Producing Biological Weapons: A 38 North Special Report

Kim Jong Un Tours Pesticide Facility Capable of Producing Biological Weapons: A 38 North Special Report

Executive Summary North Korea’s biological weapons program got a lot less secret on June 6, 2015. The same day that a defector reportedly fled the country carrying 15 GB of human testing data, North Korea’s state media published photos of Kim Jong Un touring a facility ostensibly for the production of pesticides. However analysis of the [...]

North Korea’s Friends in Singapore Running Flags of Convenience

North Korea’s Friends in Singapore Running Flags of Convenience

Personal relationships are one of the most under-discussed aspects of nonproliferation and sanctions implementation. Yet understanding them is crucial to both. For decades, North Korea has maintained a close circle of friends in Singapore that have aided the country’s overseas trade. They have marketed North Korean products, secured service [...]

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Credit for photo of young North Korean girl: T.M. All rights reserved, used with permission.